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15 of the most amusing Welsh language proverbs – and their meanings

28 Jun 2024 5 minute read
Floating book. Photo by Jaredd Craig on Unsplash

Wales’ literary tradition stretches back over a thousand years, and may well have their roots in the wisdom of the ancient druidic teachings.

A collection of these old proverbs alongside an English translation recently hit the book shops.

Y Diarhebion Casgliad o Ddiarhebion Cyfoes / A Compendium of Contemporary Welsh Proverbs  has distilled a colourful collection of sayings that speak to us today by conveying the figurative gist of the Welsh proverb.

The book’s author D. Geraint Lewis said: “This volume aims to showcase some of the beautiful sayings from the thousands of Welsh proverbs, proverbs that still exist today in our bilingual Wales.”

So we decided to take a look at some of the most amusing proverbs and their translations in English.

The keys to a property

Gwell tŷ gwag na thenant gwael

Better an empty house than a poor tenant. This may seem like good advice for landlords – but is actually a proverb about farting.

Bonfire

Hawdd cynnau tân ar hen aelwyd

It’s easier to rekindle a fire on an old hearth. One of the most widely use Welsh proverbs, this is often employed when two people who used to go out together shack up again, but has a wider number of meanings.

Picture by LoggaWiggler on PixaBay

Utgorn angau, peswch sych

Death’s clarion call, a dry cough. Deliciously morbid but also unfortunately and chillingly timely.

Picture by RobinHiggins on PixaBay

Does dim ateb call i sylw twp

There’s no intelligent answer to a stupid question. Something many on social media could keep in mind.

Canary by PixaBay

Dim gobaith caneri

Not a canary’s hope. This proverb is drawn from Wales’ mining tradition when canaries would be taken down to mines to be the first to die as a warning of gas. Perhaps after the teller of the first proverb had evicted their tenant. If you’re the canary in the coalmine you have less than a snowball in hell’s chance of survival.

Yr Wyddfa. The image is released free of copyrights under Creative Commons CC0.

Hawdd yw dweud dacw’r Wyddfa – nid eir drosti ond yn ara’

It’s easy to say ‘there’s Snowdon’ – but it will take you a very long time to climb over it. Easier said than done, essentially.

Molehill picture by PxHere

Pridd y wadd sy’n achosi dyn i faglu, nid mynyddoedd

People trip over molehills not mountains. A warning to watch out for the little things in life that will cause you problems, rather than the big things you had been worrying about.

Three little pigs (CC BY 2.0).

Mae clustiau mawr gan foch bach

A common refrain in our house. Small pigs have big ears. Essentially, don’t speak freely around small children because they’re listening to every word!

Picture by Ivan Radic (CC BY 2.0).

Cos din taeog efe a gach yn dy law

An odd one – Don’t scratch a boor’s arse or he’ll shit in your hand. No, we have no idea either. We’re not sure the ancient druids came up with this one.

Flowers by PixaBay

Fedri di ddim dyfrio blodau heb ddyfrio chwyn

You can’t water plants without also watering weeds. Perhaps a handy retort for a politician to use when someone says their policies will benefit the wrong people.

House gate picture by Alan Murray-Rust (CC BY-SA 2.0).

Gwenu fel giat

Smiling from ear to ear. This might also refer to the fact that the gate to one’s own home is very welcoming after a long journey.

Picture by Bengt Nyman (CC BY 2.0).

Rhoi’r ffidil yn y to

Putting the fiddle in the roof. This means giving up = to throw in the towel. Presumably fiddles used to be kept in loft spaces, but the thought of someone physically whacking their fiddle into the roof if annoyance is a pleasing one.

Money

I’r pant y rhed y dwr

The water runs into the hollow. Essentially, if someone has something they’re likely to get more of it. Very often used in the political sphere to condemn the billionaire-dominated neoliberal market economy in which we find ourselves.

The ruins of a farmhouse in the snow

Eira mân, eira mawr

Small snowflakes, big snow. Literally that it’s a lot of small snowflakes that you need to watch out for because they build up qucikly into blizzards. I’m not sure if this is scientifically accurate but it probably also has metaphorical connotations, which is that a lot of small problems can quickly build up into big ones.

An old photograph of work at the Oakley Quarry. Gwynedd Council handout photo.

Deuparth gwaith yw i dechrau

Two thirds of work is starting it. This will ring true for the procrastinators in our midsts.


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Arfon Jones
Arfon Jones
15 days ago

Does gan Sarah Atherton ddim gobaith caneri o ail ennill etholaeth Wrecsam (diolch byth)

Erisian
Erisian
15 days ago
Reply to  Arfon Jones

Neu gobaith Whelk mewn Supernova!

Erisian
Erisian
15 days ago

I have this book, everyone learning Welsh would love a copy for Christmas… D Geraint Lewis has written many marvelous books for learners. Try searching for his books online and then ask your local bookshop to get them for you.
Amazon is rich enough.

Cath
Cath
15 days ago

Bwrw hen wragedd a ffyn – raining old ladies with walking sticks. The Welsh equivalent to raining cats and dogs!

Dewi
Dewi
15 days ago

Rhoi’r ffidil yn y to – It’s not that kind of fiddle! It was an agricultural implement which was used once a year!

Dai Rob
Dai Rob
15 days ago

Must be a fascinating history behind these sayings!!!

DotiauSyml
DotiauSyml
15 days ago

“Wel!” Meddai Wil wrth y wal, ond ddwedodd y wal ddim byd wrth Wil!

Not sure that the Druids need be viewed as the font of all things wise and Welsh however!

Welsh_Siôn
Welsh_Siôn
14 days ago
Reply to  DotiauSyml

“Wel!” Meddai Wil wrth y wal, ond dwedodd y wal ddim byd wrth Wil!

__________

You think?

I always learnt: “Paid â fy ngwlychu i, Wil”, meddai’r wal wrth Wil.

DotiauSyml
DotiauSyml
14 days ago
Reply to  Welsh_Siôn

Wel, felly odd fy nhad yn dweud, un o’i hoff ddywediadau! Erioed ‘di clywed “Paid a fy ngwlychu Wil” 😊

Melangell
Melangell
14 days ago
Reply to  Welsh_Siôn

Rhaid codi pais cyn p**o!

Pick up your petticoat before pissing

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