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Cleverly visits Rwanda to sign asylum seeker treaty

05 Dec 2023 5 minute read
Home Secretary James Cleverly signs a book of condolences at the Kigali Genocide Memorial during his visit to Kigali, Rwanda. Photo Ben Birchall/PA Wire

Home Secretary James Cleverly has arrived in Rwanda to sign a new treaty to help revive the UK Government’s stalled asylum deal.

Mr Cleverly travelled to Kigali as Rishi Sunak bids to make the plan to send migrants to the African nation legally watertight after the Supreme Court’s ruling against the policy.

Domestic legislation, which will be rushed through Parliament to assert Rwanda is a safe destination for asylum seekers who arrive in Britain, is also planned.

Mr Cleverly will meet his counterpart, Vincent Biruta, to sign the treaty and discuss key next steps on the so-called migration and economic development partnership.

He will also visit the genocide memorial in Kigali and staff at the British High Commission during his first overseas visit as Home Secretary.

Emergency legislation

Ministers hope the upgraded agreement, along with “emergency” legislation at home, will address the issues that led the UK’s highest court to rule the Rwanda scheme unlawful.

Before his arrival in Kigali, Mr Cleverly said: “We are clear that Rwanda is a safe country, and we are working at pace to move forward with this partnership to stop the boats and save lives.

“The Supreme Court recognised that changes may be delivered in future to address the conclusions they reached – and that is what we have set out to do together, with this new, internationally recognised treaty agreement.

“Rwanda cares deeply about the rights of refugees, and I look forward to meeting with counterparts to sign this agreement and further discuss how we work together to tackle the global challenge of illegal migration.”

Mr Sunak said he was “fed up with our Rwanda policy being blocked” and the emergency laws will “end the merry-go-round so that we can fix this problem once and for all – and stop the boats”.

‘Safe country’

Writing in The Sun, he said: “People looking at this country have got to know that if they come here illegally, they will be detained and swiftly removed to a safe country.”

Immigration minister Robert Jenrick said he is confident flights carrying asylum seekers will take off for Rwanda before the next general election, as he described illegal migrants as having “broken into” the UK.

He told Sky News: “The treaty that the Home Secretary is going to sign later today, I hope, will create a fundamentally different and better arrangement with the government of Rwanda that answers the concerns of the Supreme Court.

“Then we’re going to bring forward a piece of emergency legislation which will embed that in British, UK law and go further to close some of the loopholes that bring spurious claims and prevent migrants from being put on those planes.

“Together, I think that will enable us to get this plan up and running.”

Details of the finalised treaty are yet to be disclosed but reports have swirled about what it will contain.


There has been speculation that Rwanda is pushing for more money on top of the £140 million already committed to the scheme.

The Sunday Times reported that the capital of Kigali will be given a £15 million top-up payment to agree fresh terms on the agreement to take migrants who arrive in the UK on small boats.

Downing Street insisted there had been no demand for extra money from Rwanda.

Mr Sunak met Rwanda’s president Paul Kagame on the sidelines of the Cop28 climate talks in Dubai on Friday as part of the push to finalise the deal.

The Daily Telegraph reported that British lawyers could be sent to advise Rwandan judges, perhaps for specific asylum case hearings or for longer periods, to help ensure appeals are granted correctly, although the Kigali government is unlikely to accept any arrangement which would look like colonial-style legal interference.

Contingency measures

After the Supreme Court judgment on November 15, the Government insisted it had been working on contingency measures and promised a treaty with Rwanda within days along with emergency legislation in Parliament, but so far neither has emerged.

Mr Cleverly is the third home secretary to travel to Rwanda since Priti Patel signed the initial deal last April.

His predecessor, Suella Braverman, visited Kigali earlier this year.

But so far no asylum seekers have been sent to the country due to the legal battles over the policy

Natasha Tsangarides from charity Freedom from Torture said: “It’s shameful that even after the highest court in the land unanimously found this scheme to be unlawful, the Government is nonetheless pursuing a new treaty with Rwanda.

“No amount of tinkering will change the fundamental fact that this ‘cash for humans’ deal is immoral. And it needs to be shelved once and for all.”

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5 months ago

Very few will be sent but we will pay for the inhumanity and abuse this will incur on vulnerable people. All to appease the far right in the party and a weak pm to save whatever face he had left. Shame on the UK.

5 months ago

Pity the Celts didn’t send migrants to Rwanda approximately a thousand years ago.

Last edited 5 months ago by Frank
5 months ago

Shame he wasn’t tempted to stay there !

Fi yn unig
Fi yn unig
5 months ago

Cleverly signs a book of condolence relating to a GENOCIDE which occurred LESS than 20 years ago and is still feeding us the ‘safe country’ lie. It is hard to imagine how much more sick, twisted and morally bankrupt anyone could possibly be BUT HEY! Watch this space for news about the next determined challenger to be the best in pursuit of these strangely highly valued ‘honours’.

5 months ago

UK Gov advice to LGBTQ+ people is ” LGBT individuals can experience discrimination and abuse , including from local authorities “. The words of his own government, yet Mr Cleverly claims it to be a ” safe ” country . While a report by DW ( German broadcaster) has identified over a dozen political figures, journalists and activists who were killed or disappeared, after speaking out against president Kagame. Horrendous .

Last edited 5 months ago by Gareth

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