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UK annual government borrowing higher than forecast in blow to Chancellor

23 Apr 2024 3 minute read
Chancellor Jeremy Hunt . Photo Aaron Chown PA Images

Chancellor Jeremy Hunt has been dealt a blow after official figures revealed borrowing for the last financial year overshot forecasts, hitting £120.7 billion as wages and benefit payments soared.

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) estimated that full-year public sector net borrowing was £7.6 billion less than in 2022-23, but £6.6 billion more than predicted by the UK’s official forecaster.

The Office for Budget Responsibility (OBR) had forecast borrowing of £114.1 billion in the year to the end of March.

It comes after borrowing of £11.9 billion in March, which is £4.7 billion less than a year ago, but higher than the £10 billion expected by most economists.

Jessica Barnaby, ONS deputy director for public sector finances said: “Spending was up about £58 billion, with increased spending on public services and benefits outstripping large reductions in interest payable and energy support scheme costs.”

Tax cuts

While higher than expected, it is thought the figures will not stop Mr Hunt from looking to cut taxes later this year in the run up to the general election.

Rob Wood at Pantheon Macroeconomics said: “We expect the Chancellor to cut taxes again before a likely October or November general election, despite borrowing overshooting his forecasts.

He added: “Hunt can plan for another year of unrealistically weak public spending to generate ‘headroom’ against his fiscal rules and thereby manufacture the funds to cut taxes.

“The next government will, therefore, face a tricky choice between raising taxes to fix creaking public services or holding the line on the Chancellor’s recent tax cuts.”

Overall, the figures show the UK’s overall national debt was £2.69 trillion in March, an increase on the £2.54 trillion seen a year ago.

As a share of the economy, debt was around 98.3% of the UK’s annual gross domestic product (GDP) in March, around 2.6 percentage higher than a year earlier and remaining at levels last seen in the early 1960s, the ONS said.

A spokesman for the Treasury said: “Debt increased in recent years because we rightly protected millions of jobs during Covid and paid half of people’s energy bills after (Vladimir) Putin’s invasion of Ukraine sent bills skyrocketing.”

He added the Government “must stick to the plan to get debt falling”.


The figures show the impact of inflation, with benefit payments surging by £36.9 billion to £291.4 billion in the year, as payouts saw inflation-linked increased and due to cost of living support.

Central government wages also rose by £21 billion, including across health and education, while goods and services also cost the Government more.

But there was some relief as inflation eased back from the highs seen in October 2022, which helped interest on inflation-linked debt fall 27% to £78.3 billion over the year.

In March, borrowing debt interest increased by a fifth to £2.5 billion, due to changes in Retail Prices Index inflation.

But borrowing overall is still lower than the previous year, which was pushed up by energy support payments after Russia’s war with Ukraine sent gas and electricity costs soaring.

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Cwm Rhondda
Cwm Rhondda
1 month ago

This mess is largely caused by the Tory’s ideologically driven austerity policies. For the last 14 years we’ve lived through a Tory party economic experiment designed to shrink the state and privatise its services. This experiment has catastrophically FAILED, if the Tories were honest (that’s never going to happen) they’d own up to the mess they’ve made of the UK.

1 month ago

14 wasted years of penny pinching under investment, and we are more in debt than ever. Austerity has utterly failed, and you can’t fix this with more of the same.

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