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UK Government facing revolt over plans to criminalise rough sleeping

01 Apr 2024 4 minute read
A homeless man

UK Government ministers are facing a revolt from Conservative MPs over plans to criminalise homelessness, reports have suggested.

More than 40 Tory MPs are expected to revolt against plans in the Criminal Justice Bill which would allow the police to fine or move on “nuisance” rough sleepers.

According to the Times newspaper, senior Government sources have said the Bill has been “paused” while ministers negotiate with MPs from both the left and right of the Conservative Party concerned about the plans.

Business minister Kevin Hollinrake, meanwhile, appeared reluctant to say whether he supported the Bill as it stands, telling broadcasters it was “not within my auspices”.

He also emphasised it was important the Government used a raft of support measures to prevent rough sleeping and said he was interested to see what Rishi Sunak has planned.


Conservative former ministers Sir Iain Duncan Smith and Damian Green are among 10 Tories who have signed a series of amendments to the Bill aimed at countering the drive to criminalise rough sleeping.

Measures tabled by Tory MP Bob Blackman (Harrow East) would seek to ensure ministers fulfil their promise to repeal the Vagrancy Act 1824, the law which currently criminalises rough sleeping and begging.

The Government promised to do so when it passed the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act in 2022, but only when it found a suitable replacement.

Measures in the Criminal Justice Bill aim to provide this replacement, but are thought to be too widely drawn by the Tory rebels.

Mr Blackman told the Times newspaper he and his colleagues were urging the Government to think again.

“A lot of colleagues believe that the Bill as it stands is completely unacceptable because it would have the effect of criminalising people who have no choice but to sleep on the streets,” he added.

New powers

A second amendment from Mr Blackman aims to clarify when the police are able to use the new powers.

The amendment says police should be given guidance that “begging or sleeping rough does not in itself amount to unreasonable conduct”, and insists officers “should balance protection of the community with sensitivity to the problems that cause people to engage in begging or sleeping rough”.

The Bill was introduced to Parliament by Suella Braverman – who branded rough sleeping a “lifestyle choice” – when she was home secretary.

Asked by Times Radio whether he would back the Bill as it stands, business minister Mr Hollinrake said: “Those things are not within my auspices. I will be interested to see the legislation as it goes through and what the Prime Minister has planned.”

Asked if it was right to arrest someone for so-called nuisance rough sleeping, Mr Hollinrake added: “What is the most important thing is we provide the resources to get people off the streets and there should be those places where people can go to.

“I don’t think that should be … that shouldn’t be optional for people, if there are places that people can go to off the streets, then those people should be off the streets, they shouldn’t be lying on the streets. It is not fair to other people in our town and city centres.”

The Liberal Democrats urged the Government to listen to backbenchers unhappy with the Bill.


Layla Moran, the Lib Dem MP who spearheaded the cross-party campaign to scrap the Vagrancy Act, said: “The heartless proposals in the Criminal Justice Bill risk bringing back the Vagrancy Act by the back door.

“The Government should listen to their own backbenchers and take a compassionate approach to tackling homelessness, instead of stigmatising and criminalising rough sleepers.

“Sleeping rough is not a lifestyle choice. Ministers should focus on tackling the root causes of this crisis, not scapegoating the victims of it.”

Matt Downie, chief executive of Crisis, the national homelessness charity, urged Home Secretary James Cleverly to “drop these cruel and unnecessary measures and focus on the real solutions” including building more social housing.

He said: “It should never have been Government policy to criminalise rough sleeping, so we would be thrilled to see the back of these deeply-damaging proposals that will do nothing to support people away from the streets.

“Through our frontline services we see the brutality rough sleeping inflicts on people’s lives. With more and more people being pushed to the brink from the increased cost of living, we need a compassionate approach, not one that threatens people with fines or imprisonment.”

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Crwtyn Cemais
Crwtyn Cemais
21 days ago

Wel, mae’r llywodraeth sydd ohoni yn San Steffan wedi disgyn i garthbwll moesol unwaith eto – gobeithiaf na wneith y polisi ffiaidd hwn weld golau dydd. ~ Well, the current Wetminster government has descended into a moral cesspit once again. I Hope that this disgusting policy never sees the light of day.

19 days ago
Reply to  Crwtyn Cemais

Agree, but wait. You forget the Welsh government..for what that’s worth
Is about to pass a bill giving migrants into Wales £1600 a monthly..
Nice what are you going to say about that it’s more than my pension by far and other people pension who have worked and paid tax..the Welsh government is not fit fir purpose..

Fi yn unig
Fi yn unig
21 days ago

‘We will underpay and overcharge the bulk of the population, extorting every last penny from the crucial funds they need to survive and channel those funds into the accounts of our chosen few. When the homes we encourage them to buy are repossessed because they have failed to make payments, many will end up sleeping on the streets at which point they will be criminalised and asked to provide an explanation as to why they made this lifestyle choice’. You will never read this passage in a Conservative manifesto because it tells the absolute truth so it would not be… Read more »

Sean O'Cuill
Sean O'Cuill
21 days ago

Make people homeless then fine them,the British govt bring killing people off to a new level.

21 days ago
Reply to  Sean O'Cuill

Look at what George Bernard Shaw wanted to do when he was around and come back and tell me Governments of the World aren’t seeing it the same way!!! They want you justify every minute of your life and why you deserve to be here! The solution provided by Shaw is as close as any other moment in History!

21 days ago

It’s getting as bad as New York, over there they (The Homeless) used the heating from the railway to heat themselves through winter and they recently put in awkward Spiked grills in order to…well you get the idea! The Homeless problem comes about because of three reasons, 1. No affordable low income housing, 2, Drug and/or mental health Problem, 3. Choice in which People see it as a lifestyle choice where their Freedom is the most important thing in their life. Number 1 is the most prevalent and is carried out by the state, Housing firms and Banks in order… Read more »

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